Quizzes about Medecine

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Quizzes about Medecine

Message  gerardM le Mar 19 Mar - 17:00

Hi everyone,

I'm reading the March issue of the National Geographic magazine.

As usual, there're very interesting articles.
As already posted, 2013 is the 125th anniversary of the Society and every issue of the year will provide articles about exploration.

Here is a first quiz taken from the NG (out of a series of 6).
-1- Whose pioneering work with Antiseptic procedures made him the "Savior of Mothers"?

A - William Hunter, 18th century "physician extraordinary" to Britain's Queen Charlotte

B - Joseph Lister, surgeon and namesake of Listerine

C - Louis Pasteur, namesake of pasteurized milk

D - Hungerian grocer's son Ignaz Semmelweis

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  MurielB le Mar 19 Mar - 20:53

I am sorry but I had to go on google. It's cheating so I will let people have more time to think

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  gerardM le Mar 19 Mar - 21:27

"Google is your friend!"
Ah Google is a good tool! Wink

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  gerardM le Jeu 21 Mar - 14:18

Hi everyone,
gerardM a écrit:
-1- Whose pioneering work with Antiseptic procedures made him the "Savior of Mothers"?
A - William Hunter, 18th century "physician extraordinary" to Britain's Queen Charlotte
B - Joseph Lister, surgeon and namesake of Listerine
C - Louis Pasteur, namesake of pasteurized milk
D - Hungerian grocer's son Ignaz Semmelweis
Good response to Quiz #1 is "D - Hungerian grocer's son Ignaz Semmelweis".
So many mothers in his Viennese clinic were dying of childbed fever, a form of sepsis, that obstetrician Ignaz Semmelweis wondered if doctors themselves were spreading infection.
In 1847 he instituted a policy of hand washing with an antiseptic, and the death rate plummeted. But this was before Pasteur's germ theory, so other doctors ridiculed Semmelweis, who died in a mental institution at age 47 of sepsis.
> died in a mental institution at age 47
Sad isn't it?

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  gerardM le Jeu 21 Mar - 17:46

Hi everyone,

Item #2 of the quiz (taken from the March issue of the NG).
-2- What was the first successful chemotherapy drug?

A - Salvarsan, an arsenic compound

B - Mechlorethamine, cousin to mustard gas

C - Vincristine, from the Madagascar (or rosy) periwinkle

D - Tamoxifen, for breast cancer
NB: "Chemotherapy" originally referred to the idea of using a chemical agent to treat disease.

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  MurielB le Jeu 21 Mar - 22:20

I give in. cat

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  gerardM le Jeu 21 Mar - 23:01

Bonsoir Muriel,
MurielB a écrit:I give in. cat
"I give in" is ambiguous.
I know many dictionaries say it's the translation of "je donne ma langue au chat" but I don't like this expression that I rather use to mean that I accept the proposal/solution of my counterpart.
To mean that I stop research, I prefer "I give up".

I'll provide the response to quiz #2 tomorrow.

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  gerardM le Sam 23 Mar - 9:57

Hi everyone,
gerardM a écrit:Hi everyone,

Item #2 of the quiz (taken from the March issue of the NG).
-2- What was the first successful chemotherapy drug?
A - Salvarsan, an arsenic compound
B - Mechlorethamine, cousin to mustard gas
C - Vincristine, from the Madagascar (or rosy) periwinkle
D - Tamoxifen, for breast cancer
NB: "Chemotherapy" originally referred to the idea of using a chemical agent to treat disease.
Good response to Quiz #2 is "A - Salvarsan, an arsenic compound".
"Chemotherapy" originally referred to the idea of using a chemical agent to treat disease, and Salversan was the magic bullet devised by Paul Ehrlich and Sahachiro Hata in 1909 as the first practical remedy for syphillis. Chemotherapy came to apply to cancer therapy only after development of the first effective cancer drug, mechlorethamine, in the 1940s.
NB: Note the spelling and pronunciation of "chemotherapy".
Note the "came to apply" which is a handy expression... "to come to do" for the French "en venir à... faire" (same construction).

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  gerardM le Sam 23 Mar - 10:09

Hi everyone,

Item #3 of the quiz (taken from the March issue of the NG).
-3- What is the earliest known Human surgery in the archaeological record?

A - Cutting out an enemy's heart

B - Prehistoric skull surgery

C - Fixing broken bones

D - Birth by cesarean section
NB: Note the spelling "Archaeological".
Note the American "cesarean" while the British word is "caesarian" and, the French, "césarienne". We also find "caesarean"... to solve the problem, nurses just say "C-section". This sounds a bit messy isn't it? "A Caesarean section, (also C-section, Caesarian section, Cesarean section, Caesar, etc.) is a surgical procedure..." ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caesarean_section ), sometimes good to have "Académie Française" Smile

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  MurielB le Sam 23 Mar - 12:29

Hi Gerard
i won't ask google because it's not fair so I asked Patrick.
He suggested B=>Prehistoric skull surgery

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  gerardM le Sam 23 Mar - 15:22

Hi Muriel, Patrick, everyone,
MurielB a écrit:Hi Gerard
i won't ask google because it's not fair so I asked Patrick.
He suggested B=>Prehistoric skull surgery
What was your guess before asking Patrick?

Congrtas to Patrick! cheers

Lucky babies and mothers of Calais: their favorite pediatrician got the best mark at Quiz #3! Wink

NB: Of course, a pediatrician doesn't have to know the answer to Quiz #3 to be good at caring his little clients, but a good response is a bonus... congrats!

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  gerardM le Sam 23 Mar - 15:29

Hi Muriel, Patrick, everyone,
gerardM a écrit:Hi everyone,

Item #3 of the quiz (taken from the March issue of the NG).
-3- What is the earliest known Human surgery in the archaeological record?
A - Cutting out an enemy's heart
B - Prehistoric skull surgery
C - Fixing broken bones
D - Birth by cesarean section
NB: Note the spelling "Archaeological".
Note the American "cesarean" while the British word is "caesarian" and, the French, "césarienne". We also find "caesarean"... to solve the problem, nurses just say "C-section". This sounds a bit messy isn't it? "A Caesarean section, (also C-section, Caesarian section, Cesarean section, Caesar, etc.) is a surgical procedure..." ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caesarean_section ), sometimes good to have "Académie Française" Smile
Good response to Quiz #3 is "B - Prehistoric skull surgery".
Evidence indicates that opening up the skull to relieve pressure on the brain was widespread surgical practice dating back to at least 8,500 years. Skulls from individuals who underwent the procedure often show healing, meaning the patient lived.

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  gerardM le Sam 23 Mar - 15:35

Hi everyone,

Item #4 of the quiz (taken from the March issue of the NG).
-4- In 1796 Edward Jenner pioneered the use of vaccination to prevent disease, leading to the eradication of smallpox in what year?

A - Britain's Colonial Medical Service completed eradication in 1895

B - U.S. Army M.D. Walter Reed treated the last case in 1900

C - Napoleon made vaccination mandatory, leading to eradication in 1810

D - The last naturally occurring case was in Somalia in 1977.

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  gerardM le Sam 23 Mar - 16:06

Pls don't call Patrick.
Yes he knows the response but better for him to care for your children.
... his wife may exceptionally ask him tonight when he's available...
Smile

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  MurielB le Sam 23 Mar - 18:08

Hi Gerard ! everyone
I have not asked anyone nor looked in Google. I say D

D - The last naturally occurring case was in Somalia in 1977.

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  gerardM le Sam 23 Mar - 18:54

Congrats Muriel!

Fortunately I didn't offer millions but simple honor and pride Smile

Too easy for a daughter and wife of doctors...

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  gerardM le Sam 23 Mar - 19:01

Hi Muriel, hi everyone,

Item #4 of the quiz (taken from the March issue of the NG).
-4- In 1796 Edward Jenner pioneered the use of vaccination to prevent disease, leading to the eradication of smallpox in what year?
A - Britain's Colonial Medical Service completed eradication in 1895
B - U.S. Army M.D. Walter Reed treated the last case in 1900
C - Napoleon made vaccination mandatory, leading to eradication in 1810
D - The last naturally occurring case was in Somalia in 1977.
Good response to Quiz #4 is "D - The last naturally occurring case was in Somalia in 1977"... not that long ago!
The World Health Organization began its smallpox eradication campaign in 1967 and achieved victory over the disease in 1977. That October in Merca, Somalia, a 23-year-old cook named Ali Maow Maalin became the last person ever to acquire the disease by natural means. Unlike many before him, he lived.

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  gerardM le Dim 24 Mar - 22:17

Hi Muriel, hi everyone,

Item #5 of the quiz (taken from the March issue of the NG).
-5- In 1940, as the battle of Britain raged overhead, Oxford University researchers scrambled to save what medical discovery?
A - A prototype polio vaccine B
B - A new heart medecine that would soon save Churchill's life
C - The antibiotic penicilin
D - A tuberculosis cure.
Pls let Patrick relax and get ready for the coming work week... Wink

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  krystynaD le Lun 25 Mar - 1:14

Hi peeps,
Would it be penicillin ?
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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  gerardM le Lun 25 Mar - 10:44

WTG Krystyna!

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  gerardM le Lun 25 Mar - 12:05

Hi Krystyna, Muriel, hi everyone,
Item #5 of the quiz (taken from the March issue of the NG).
-5- In 1940, as the battle of Britain raged overhead, Oxford University researchers scrambled to save what medical discovery?
A - A prototype polio vaccine B
B - A new heart medecine that would soon save Churchill's life
C - The antibiotic penicilin
D - A tuberculosis cure.
Pls let Patrick relax and get ready for the coming work week... Wink
Good response to Quiz #5 is "C - The antibiotic penicilin".
Pathologist Howard Florey and his colleagues at Oxford University were so concerned about a German invasion that they rubbed Penicillium notatum spores into the fabric of their clothing. That way, if they were forced to destroy their work and evacuate, they would at least have the raw material to start up again wherever they landed.
Congrats Krystyna! Would you have also guessed without the 4 options?

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  gerardM le Lun 25 Mar - 12:28

Hi everyone,

Item #6 of the quiz (taken from the March issue of the NG) and last one.
-6- Who performed the first breast cancer surgery using general anesthesia?
A - Johns Hopkins surgical pioneer William Stewart Halsted
B - Hanaoka Seishu, in Edo period Japan
C - John H. Gibbon, Jr., inventor of the heart-lung machine
D - Swiss-born 16th century physician and chemist Paracelsus.
NB: It appears "anesthesia" is the Americen spelling of the British "anaesthesia".

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  MurielB le Lun 25 Mar - 18:44

Hi Gérard !
I am not sure at all but I guess D

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  gerardM le Lun 25 Mar - 23:49

Muriel, response will be given tmrw.

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Re: Quizzes about Medecine

Message  gerardM le Mer 27 Mar - 23:05

Hi Muriel, hi everyone,

Sorry for being late.

Item #6 of the quiz (taken from the March issue of the NG) and last one.
-6- Who performed the first breast cancer surgery using general anesthesia?
A - Johns Hopkins surgical pioneer William Stewart Halsted
B - Hanaoka Seishu, in Edo period Japan
C - John H. Gibbon, Jr., inventor of the heart-lung machine
D - Swiss-born 16th century physician and chemist Paracelsus.

NB: It appears "anesthesia" is the Americen spelling of the British "anaesthesia".
Good response to Quiz #5 is "B - Hanaoka Seishu, in Edo period Japan".
Hanaoka Seishu used both Western and traditional Chinese medecine. He devised his anesthesia from a mix of seven herbs, inspired by an early Chinese model. In 1804, he performed a partial mastectomy on an anesthetized patient, and his brand of painless surgery was soon in great demand. Anesthesia wouldn't become common in Western medecine for another half century.
NB:
The Edo period (江戸時代 Edo jidai?), or Tokugawa period (徳川時代 Tokugawa jidai?) is the period between 1603 to 1868 in the history of Japan when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional Daimyo. The period was characterized by economic growth, strict social orders, isolationist foreign policies, an increase in both environmental protection and popular enjoyment of arts and culture. The shogunate was officially established in Edo on March 24, 1603 by Tokugawa Ieyasu. The period came to an end with the Meiji Restoration on May 3, 1868 after the fall of Edo.
(read Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edo_period )

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