English Idioms 4

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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  gerardM le Mar 21 Mar - 10:27

MurielB a écrit:...
Ok Gérard, I try to remember what is American and what is English but i don't memorize everything. Thanks for the explanations !
Muriel, you know my usual speech: don't learn anything, just read - your brain will print what it needs at the moment.
Later,
- regarding words you already met, you get confirmation and learn little by little (I suppose you already know "rubber/eraser", "holiday/vacation", and others
- regarding brand new expressions, you may later think: "Oh I met something about this..."; after repetitions, you will remember - if you meet the same expression several times, it means it's concerning you and it's worth remembering.
Learn like a baby i.e. don't learn ny heart, just let things come to your mind, then come again if needed.

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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  gerardM le Mar 21 Mar - 10:35




Unusual Plurals List
FLUENTLAND.COM



This is useless.
The plurals are weird because these words are Latin or Greek and kept their original plurals.
In fact, purists and snobs will show off with surprising/impressive plurals. People in the streets don't know about this (let's say they don't care especially in the States) and these words have got two plurals, the most common being the one with -s (think of scenario as used in French).
Yes I met people saying the plural of forum was fora, the plural of virus was viri... scratch  Okay Okay

Just read this as a curiosity and think that EMTs are very respectful of foreign heritage.

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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  gerardM le Mar 21 Mar - 14:46




Commonn Mistakes in English
FLUENTLAND.COM



All of the item spellings are wrong in both Am and Br English except "traveling (American spelling) - travelling (British spelling)".
This Am "el" vs Br "ell" is frequent for verbs ending in "-el".

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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  gerardM le Mar 21 Mar - 16:43


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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  gerardM le Mar 21 Mar - 19:07


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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  gerardM le Mer 22 Mar - 14:10


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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  MurielB le Mer 22 Mar - 14:14

gerardM a écrit:



Commonn Mistakes in English
FLUENTLAND.COM



All of the item spellings are wrong in both Am and Br English except "traveling (American spelling) - travelling (British spelling)".
This Am "el" vs Br "ell" is frequent for verbs ending in "-el".

Thanks Gérard, I would definitely have also written "travelling" instead of traveling Sad

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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  MurielB le Mer 22 Mar - 14:20

Hi Gérard
I have read all the correct and incorrect sentences.
I have to memorize
I congratulate you on your success
I cannot agree with you on the subject

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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  gerardM le Mer 22 Mar - 14:28


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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  gerardM le Mer 22 Mar - 14:47

MurielB a écrit:...
Thanks Gérard, I would definitely have also written "travelling" instead of traveling Sad
"Also"?? I wouldn't have Muriel.

I guess you've a good grammar book, check the rule about Americans writing -eling/-eled" instead of the British "-elling/-elled" for oodles of verbs ending in "-el".
I think it comes from Webster and the spelling simplification projet (the project started in England but never went on there): our->or, -re->-er etc.
Many verbs double the ending consonant (ending consonant of the infinitive) to keep the pronunciation at past, present and past participles: hidden, written...
Regarding verbs ending in "-el", "eled" and "elled" do have the same pronunciation hence the "ll" is useless and was abandoned: cancel, travel...

Verbs ending with a vowel plus -l

If the verb ends with a vowel plus -l (as in travel or equal), then you need to double the l before adding -ed and -ing in British English:

verb past tense present participle
travel travelled travelling
distil distilled distilling
equal equalled equalling


This rule doesn’t apply in American English: see more information about the differences between British and American spelling
(Oxford dictionary)
Verbs ending with a single vowel plus a consonant

If the verb ends with a single vowel plus a consonant, and the stress is at the end of the word (e.g. refer), then you need to double the final consonant before adding -ed and –ing:

verb past tense present participle
admit admitted admitting
commit committed committing
refer referred referring


If the verb ends with a vowel plus a consonant and the stress is not at the end of the word, you don’t need to double the final consonant when adding -ed and -ing:

verb past tense present participle
inherit inherited inheriting
target targeted targeting
visit visited visiting


If the verb has only one syllable and ends with a single vowel plus a consonant (e.g. stop), then you need to double the final consonant before adding -ed and -ing:

verb past tense present participle
stop stopped stopping
tap tapped tapping
sob sobbed sobbing
(Oxford dictionary)

~~

Words ending in a vowel plus l

In British spelling, verbs ending in a vowel plus l double the l when adding endings that begin with a vowel. In American English, the l is not doubled:

British US
travel travel
travelled traveled
travelling traveling
traveller traveler
fuel fuel
fuelled fueled
fuelling fueling
(Oxford dictionary)

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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  gerardM le Jeu 23 Mar - 21:50


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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  gerardM le Jeu 23 Mar - 22:02


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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  gerardM le Ven 24 Mar - 11:45




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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  MurielB le Ven 24 Mar - 14:26

yes "She is married to a doctor" : "to" instead of "with" is important to highlight ! :-)

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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  gerardM le Ven 24 Mar - 15:19


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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  gerardM le Ven 24 Mar - 15:43


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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  gerardM le Ven 24 Mar - 21:40


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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  MurielB le Sam 25 Mar - 7:14

Yes these expressions are very good. I have read the list twice and I hope to remember a few !

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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  MurielB le Sam 25 Mar - 7:20

gerardM a écrit:
MurielB a écrit:...
Thanks Gérard, I would definitely have also written "travelling" instead of traveling Sad
"Also"?? I wouldn't have Muriel.

I guess you've a good grammar book, check the rule about Americans writing -eling/-eled" instead of the British "-elling/-elled" for oodles of verbs ending in "-el".
I think it comes from Webster and the spelling simplification projet (the project started in England but never went on there): our->or, -re->-er etc.
Many verbs double the ending consonant (ending consonant of the infinitive) to keep the pronunciation at past, present and past participles: hidden, written...
Regarding verbs ending in "-el", "eled" and "elled" do have the same pronunciation hence the "ll" is useless and was abandoned: cancel, travel...

Verbs ending with a vowel plus -l

If the verb ends with a vowel plus -l (as in travel or equal), then you need to double the l before adding -ed and -ing in British English:

verb past tense present participle
travel travelled travelling
distil distilled distilling
equal equalled equalling


This rule doesn’t apply in American English: see more information about the differences between British and American spelling
(Oxford dictionary)
Verbs ending with a single vowel plus a consonant

If the verb ends with a single vowel plus a consonant, and the stress is at the end of the word (e.g. refer), then you need to double the final consonant before adding -ed and –ing:

verb past tense present participle
admit admitted admitting
commit committed committing
refer referred referring


If the verb ends with a vowel plus a consonant and the stress is not at the end of the word, you don’t need to double the final consonant when adding -ed and -ing:

verb past tense present participle
inherit inherited inheriting
target targeted targeting
visit visited visiting


If the verb has only one syllable and ends with a single vowel plus a consonant (e.g. stop), then you need to double the final consonant before adding -ed and -ing:

verb past tense present participle
stop stopped stopping
tap tapped tapping
sob sobbed sobbing
(Oxford dictionary)

~~

Words ending in a vowel plus l

In British spelling, verbs ending in a vowel plus l double the l when adding endings that begin with a vowel. In American English, the l is not doubled:

British US
travel travel
travelled traveled
travelling traveling
traveller traveler
fuel fuel
fuelled fueled
fuelling fueling
(Oxford dictionary)
Tx a lot Gerard !

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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  gerardM le Sam 25 Mar - 14:22


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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  gerardM le Sam 25 Mar - 14:34


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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  gerardM le Sam 25 Mar - 14:43


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PS: Pls note that I chose American English for my vocabulary, grammar, spelling, culture, etc.  :-)
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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  gerardM le Sam 25 Mar - 17:18


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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  gerardM le Dim 26 Mar - 10:55




Vocabulary: the Car
FLUENTLAND.COM



Car is a domain in which there are oodles of differences between American and British English; here's American.

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Re: English Idioms 4

Message  gerardM le Dim 26 Mar - 11:09

Here are a few differences


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